Deductions you can claim
Deductions you can claim
When completing your tax return, you’re entitled to claim deductions for some expenses that are directly related to earning your income. You subtract these allowable deductions from your total income to arrive at your taxable income. You only pay tax on your taxable income.
The expense must not be a private, domestic or capital expense. If the expense was both work-related and private or domestic, you can only claim a deduction for the work-related portion.
This information here covers only work-related and other personal deductions. If you have business income, refer to Claiming business deductions.
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Basic rules for claiming deductions
The most basic rules when you claim a deduction are:
Claim the deduction in the same income year that you made the purchase.
Don’t claim an expense that you have been, or will be, reimbursed for.
Claim for expenses in earning your assessable (taxable) income but not private, domestic or capital expenses.
Keep written records.
Vehicle and travel expenses
You can claim vehicle and other travel expenses directly connected with your work but you can’t claim for normal trips between home and work, which are considered private travel.
Clothing, laundry and dry-cleaning expenses
You can claim a deduction for the expense of buying and cleaning clothing that is specific to your occupation, special work clothing and footwear that you wear to protect yourself from the risk of illness or injury; and your work uniform, if it meets certain conditions. You can’t claim for everyday clothes, even if your employer tells you to wear them.
Gifts and donations
You can claim a tax deduction for a gift if it is a genuine gift of money or property to a deductible gift recipient (DGR). You can’t claim a deduction if you get a benefit, such as raffle tickets and fundraising chocolates.
Home office expenses
If you perform some of your work from a home office, you may be entitled to a deduction for the costs you incur in running it, including for:
home office equipment such as computers, printers and telephones
work-related phone calls (including mobiles) and phone rental
heating, cooling, lighting and cleaning expenses.
Interest, dividend and other investment income deductions
If you earn investment income such as interest or dividends, you can claim deductions for expenses, such as account-keeping fees if you held the account for investment purposes, and management fees and fees for investment advice.
You can claim a deduction for self-education expenses when your course of study is directly connected to your current employment or if you receive a taxable bonded scholarship. In some circumstances you have to reduce the amount of your claim by $250.
Tools, equipment and other assets
You may be able to claim a deduction for tools and equipment you use for work. The type of deduction you claim depends on the cost of the item. Items that cost $300 or less may be claimed immediately.
You can also claim other expenses, which may be work related, such as the cost of reference books, periodicals and digital information, union or professional association fees. You may also be able to claim for expanses relating to income or sickness insurance, or to foreign pensions or annuities, or for personal superannuation contributions.
Find out more
Deductions for specific industries and occupations